Spine Surgery

Overview

The spine is one of the most important organs of the body and supports everything we do.
Consequently, spine-related health issues such as back pain and neck pain are very common today.
Some spine conditions can be treated by conventional techniques, but severe ones such as degenerative disc diseases and congenital spine abnormalities can’t be cured without surgery. Given below is a discussion articulated with the best spine specialist in Dadar about spine surgery.

What are the causes of a spinal condition?

Given below are the most common causes of spinal problems:

  • Overgrowth of bone
  •  Degeneration of bones
  • Thickened ligaments
  • Slipped discs
  • Tumors
  •  Spinal injuries

What are the symptoms of a possible spine condition?

The symptoms of spine diseases that suggest the need for immediate medical attention include:

  • Intolerable pain that doesn’t go away
  • Significant nerve root compression symptoms
  • Loss of control over urination or bowels
  • Pain associated with high fever
  • Swelling in the back

How is a spinal condition diagnosed?

Physical examination
Our spine specialist in Dadar performs a physical examination after studying the symptoms and medical history of the patient. During the physical test, the doctor examines the patient’s muscle strength, reflexes, and neurological condition by assessing their ability to sit, stand, and walk.

Imaging studies
When a specific condition is suspected of giving rise to back pain, imaging studies narrow down the cause. Given below are some of the imaging technologies:

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)- MRI scans use magnetic fields to generate detailed images of bones and soft tissues like muscles, ligaments, or intervertebral discs.

X-ray: X-rays use electromagnetic radiation to show a good picture of the back’s bone. Plain x-rays can’t detect herniated discs, but they can reveal areas in your back where bone spurs or other degenerative changes might pinch your nerves or spinal cord.

BMD Dexa scan: A DEXA scan is used to measure bone density. It can provide helpful details about your risk for osteoporosis (bone loss) and fractures.

CT (Computerized tomography) Scan: CT scans are used to generate more detailed pictures of the spinal column by taking a series of x-rays from different directions and combining them to create cross-sectional images.

Blood tests: Blood and urine tests can help determine the underlying conditions, such as inflammation and infection, causing back pain.

Bone scan: A bone scan is performed in rare cases to look for abnormalities, such as tumors in bone tissue.

 

What are the common spinal surgical procedures?

Spinal Fusion
Spinal fusion is a surgery performed to correct the problems associated with the vertebrae. It is essentially a welding process that joins two or more vertebrae into one single structure. Depending on the approach, it is classified into various categories as given below:

Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)
This procedure is performed from the front and includes removing the disc between two vertebrae and inserting bone into the space formed between them.

Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)
The PLIF surgery fuses the front and back sections of the spine through a posterior approach.

Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF)
Similar to PLIF, TLIF is also done from the back of the spine. But unlike PLIF, it includes a complete unilateral facetectomy.

Decompression surgeries
Decompression techniques are used to treat compressed nerves in the spine. It involves the opening or removal of bone to relieve pressure and pinching of the spinal nerves. The surgery improves symptoms such as persistent pain and numbness in the arms or legs. These are of two types as given below:

Microdiscectomy
Microdiscectomy or Discectomy involves the removal of a herniated intervertebral disc. It is used to treat sciatica.

Laminectomy
Laminectomy involves removing the thin bony plate on the back of the vertebra called laminae to make more space within the spinal canal and relieve pressure.

 

What can a spinal surgery treat?

Spine deformities
Spinal surgeries can be used to correct deformities such as scoliosis, a sideways curvature of the spine. They can also correct deformities such as kyphosis, trauma, or other conditions that affect the spine, such as ankylosing spondylitis.

Spinal arthritis
Spinal arthritis causes the spine to become very unstable if there is abnormal or excessive motion between two vertebrae. Spinal surgery can restore spine stability in such cases.

Herniated disc
Disc herniations are the result of gradual, aging-related wear and tear called disc degeneration. Spinal fusion surgery can be used to restore spinal stability in such cases.

Spinal stenosis
Spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing of the spaces between the spinal canal that compresses the spinal cord. This condition is treated by decompression surgery.

 

Where can I find the best spine surgeon in Mumbai?

Orthoplanet is one of the most recognized medical centers for spine treatment in India. Dr. Abhijit Kale is the best spine doctor in Mumbai who has more than 18 years of experience in orthopedics. He is highly revered for treating even the most complex spine issues successfully. The patients who undergo spine surgeries in our clinic don’t take long to recover. In addition, our patients benefit from amultidisciplinary team approach and gain access to the full breadth of care from our doctors.